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The Mouse And The Lion



A lion and a mouse are unusual friends. You will enjoy the stories in this lesson. Welcome to the wonderful world of folktales!



Students will be able to understand the expressed meaning in literature representative of various societies, eras and ideas.


  • distinguish among the types of literature

  • understand selected literary works from various historical periods

  • understand selected literary works that manifest different value systems and philosophies

  • understand the literary elements and techniques used to convey meaning

  • recognize literary themes and their implications


What can we learn from folktales?||


  • fable
  • folktale
  • gnaw
  • intention
  • stout


Read the folktale below. Fill in the chart on the activity page about the different characters.


Once upon a time, a little mouse scampered over a lion and woke him up. The angry lion grabbed the mouse and held it to his jaws.

"Don't eat me, Your Majesty!" the mouse pleaded. "Forgive me! If you let me go, I'll never bother you again. I'll always be grateful and will do you a good turn one day."

The lion, who had no intention of eating such a little scrap,

and only wanted to frighten the mouse, chuckled: "Well, well. A little mouse that hopes to do a great lion a good turn! You can go."

The mouse scurried thankfully away.

Some days later, the lion fell into a net and found he was caught fast in the rope. He could not move an inch: it was the end.

He was about to give up when he heard the small squeak of the mouse: "Do you need help, Sire?"

The lion turned around. "Oh, it's you! I'm afraid there is little you can do for me..."

But the mouse broke in: "I can gnaw the ropes. I have strong teeth and, though it will take me some time, I will manage."

Soon the lion was able to tug one paw free, then another, till he finally succeeded in working himself free of the net.

"You see, Sire, said the mouse, "I've done you a good turn in exchange for the favor you did me in letting me go unharmed."

"How right you are. Never before has a big animal like myself had to be so grateful to a little scrap like you!" said the lion.


View this page and write notes below to tell about each character.

Character Description

Mouse: ____________________________________________________



Lion: ______________________________________________________



Now write a paragraph that compares the lion and mouse. Tell how they are different.








Read the fable below. Next, answer the question below in your notebook.

What does your fable tell us?

The Ant and the Chrysalis

An Ant nimbly running about in the sunshine in search of food came across a Chrysalis that was very near its time of change. The Chrysalis moved its tail, and thus attracted the attention of the Ant, who then saw for the first time that it was alive. "Poor, pitiable animal!" cried the Ant disdainfully. "What a sad fate is yours! While I can run hither and thither, at my pleasure, and, if I wish, ascend the tallest tree, you lie imprisoned here in your shell, with power only to move a joint or two of your scaly tail." The Chrysalis heard all this, but did not try to make any reply. A few days after, when the Ant passed that way again, nothing but the shell remained. Wondering what had become of its contents, he felt himself suddenly shaded and fanned by the gorgeous wings of a beautiful Butterfly. "Behold in me," said the Butterfly, "your much-pitied friend! Boast now of your powers to run and climb as long as you can get me to listen." So saying, the Butterfly rose in the air, and, borne along and aloft on the summer breeze, was soon lost to the sight of the Ant forever.

"Appearances are deceptive."


  1. 1.
    1. A.
    2. B.
    3. C.
    4. D.
    5. E.
      tied up
  2. 2.
    1. A.
      A little scrap
    2. B.
      A little creature
    3. C.
      My friend
    4. D.
      A big scrap
    5. E.
      A microscopic creature
  3. 3.
    1. A.
    2. B.
    3. C.
    4. D.
    5. E.
  4. 4.
    1. A.
      He brought him food and drink.
    2. B.
      He stayed with the Lion an entire day.
    3. C.
      He gnawed through the ropes holding the Lion captive.
    4. D.
      He scared the huntsmen away.
    5. E.
      He gave hope to the Lion.
  5. 5.
    1. A.
    2. B.
    3. C.
    4. D.
    5. E.